Planted forests and biodiversity
According to the latest forecasts, if the deforestation continues at the current rate, 40% of the existing species in the world will be extinguished within the next 100 years.
In this scenario, Brazil has an undisputable role because it’s the world’s leader of biodiversity (fauna and flora) sheltering 20% of the planet’s species. A good example of the relationship between the production and the conservation of biodiversity comes from the planted trees industry.
With regards to the flora, there is a great concern taken into consideration when it comes to protecting the natural areas, as for every hectare planted for industrial purposes, 0.7 hectares of the original forests are kept intact which means that the area is protected. Today, this represents about 6 million hectares.
The planted forests also contribute to the preservation of wild fauna. The natural forests interspersed with productive planted forests create ecological corridors which promote the circulation of different species that maintain the natural habits of the animals, plants and microorganisms guaranteeing the food and shelter by supplying enough products for consumption.
Despite occupying less than 1% of the Brazilian territory, the industry of planted forests counts 41% of endangered bird’s species and 38% of endangered mammal species.
This proves that landscape management adequately contributes to species survival, counteracting the concept that planted forests are green deserts.